Centennial Commemoration of The United States in World War 1
Centennial Commission holds second meeting in Washington, DC
WASHINGTON, DC (12-10-2013) -- The World War One Centennial Commission held its second official meeting on Friday, November 15, in Washington, DC.
As announced in the Federal Register on October 29, the Commission meeting convened at 9:30 a.m. EST at the Law offices of Jones-Day, 51 Louisiana Avenue NW.
The meeting featured a tribute to former Chairman Ike Skelton, following his unexpected death. (See story below).
Commission Chairman Ike Skelton
WASHINGTON, DC (10-29-2013) -- The Honorable Ike Skelton, Chairman of the World War One Centennial Commission, is dead at 81 years of age. Skelton was elected Chairman of the Commission at its first meeting in Kansas City, MO on the 13th of September.
Skelton chaired the House Armed Services Committee and was well known especially for his strong support for fighting men and women. The HASC held a moment of silence for Skelton today.
Vice President Joe Biden called him a 'great friend...he had absolute, total, thorough integrity".
Skelton's father served in World War 1.
Commission Vice Chairman Mr. Rob Dalesandro said of Skelton: "He was a true American patriot, who dedicated his life to the service of his country. Beloved on both sides of the Aisle, he was a champion of our Armed Forces, veterans and civilians who served their country. His initiatives had a profound impact on the education of our officers and his love of history was profound".
More information on the passing of Ike Skelton can be found at this link:
Contributions to the Commission in tribute to Chairman Skelton may be made here:
Contributions may be made by mail to the following address:
The United States Foundation for the Commemoration of the World Wars
Centennial Commission initial
|KANSAS CITY The National World War I Museum at Liberty Memorial features artifacts from the Great War era.
"The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty. We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them.... It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war, into the most terrible and disastrous of all wars, civilization itself seeming to be in the balance. But the right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts—for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments, for the rights and liberties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all nations and make the world itself at last free."
President Woodrow Wilson
Address to Congress, 2 April 1917
World War I—called the “Great War” until the world learned that there would be more than one such war in the twentieth century—was the first total war of the modern period. The participants, unprepared for the long and bloody conflict that ensued after the summer of 1914,scrambled to mobilize their manpower and industry to prosecute the war. All searched for a decisive military victory. Instead, dramatic and largely unforeseen changes in warfare quickly followed one another, in the end altering both Europe and the larger Western culture that it represented. Although the bloody conflict finally ended with an armistice in November 1918, it cast a long politico-military shadow over the decades that followed.
The United States reluctantly entered Europe’s “Great War” and tipped the balance to Allied victory. In part the nation was responding to threats to its own economic and diplomatic interests. But it also wanted, in the words of President Woodrow Wilson, to “make the world safe for democracy.” The United States emerged from the war a significant, but reluctant, world power.
Under unprecedented government direction, American industry mobilized to produce weapons, equipment, munitions, and supplies. Nearly one million women joined the workforce. Hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the South migrated north to work in factories.
Two million Americans volunteered for the army, and nearly three million were drafted. More than 350,000 African Americans served, in segregated units. For the first time, women were in the ranks, nearly 13,000 in the navy as Yeoman (F) (for female) and in the marines. More than 20,000 women served in the Army and Navy Nurse Corps. The first contingent of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), commanded by General John J. Pershing reached France in June, but it took time to assemble, train, and equip a fighting force. By spring 1918, the AEF was ready, first blunting a German offensive at Belleau Wood.
The Americans entered a war that was deadlocked. Opposing armies were dug in, facing each other in trenches that ran nearly 500 miles across northern France—the notorious western front. Almost three years of horrific fighting resulted in huge losses, but no discernable advantage for either side. American involvement in the war was decisive. Within eighteen months, the sheer number of American “doughboys” added to the lines ended more than three years of stalemate. Germany agreed to an armistice on November 11, 1918.
Two million men in the American Expeditionary Force went to France. Some 1,261 combat veterans—and their commander, General Pershing—were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the nation’s second-highest award for extraordinary heroism. Sixty-nine American civilians also received the award.
To learn even more about the Great War, click on the "History" button on the front page.
From 2017 through 2019, the World War One Centennial Commission will coordinate events and activities commemorating the Centennial of the Great War. (Why?) The Commission has partnered with a broad range of organizations across the United States and around the world to spotlight events publications, productions, activities, programs, and sites that allow people in the United States to learn about the history of World War I, the United States involvement in that war, and the war’s effects on the remainder of the 20th century, and to commemorate and honor the participation of the United States and its citizens in the war effort.
The Commission will serve as a clearing house for the collection and dissemination of information about events and plans for the centennial of World War I. The Commission will also encourage private organizations and State and local governments to organize and participate in activities commemorating the centennial of World War I.
To take part, click on our EVENTS link for a detailed list of events being planned during the centennial commemoration period. Many more events will be announced later.